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HIV/AIDS in South Africa and the United States: A Comparative Essay

The presence of HIV/AIDS created a sense of emergency throughout South Africa, and therefore catalyzed healthcare reform. The system of hospitals and health centers is supposedly undergoing reform (hiring health inspectors, enforcing higher standards, providing preventative medicines, etc.). However, there is serious doubt as to whether an appropriate amount of funds will be allocated, especially considering the system’s past of being incredibly underfunded (EIU 2004). About 75% of the South African population turn to a traditional healer or take traditional remedies; the income from traditional medicines (R3.2bn/year) is almost half that of Western drugs (R7bn/year) (EIU 2004). Even under normal conditions, the healthcare systems are inadequate in serving a large majority of the population. When HIV/AIDS struck, South Africa was grossly unequipped and unprepared, which lead to devastating consequences. In the Kwa-Zulu-Natal province of South Africa alone, 36.5% of the population aged 15-49 in 2001 were infected with HIV (IHDI 2013). However, developmental reform is considered to be a result of this virus. The Medicines Amendment Act (1997) was passed (although it made ARV drugs highly priced) because the World Trade Organization ruled it acceptable because South Africa was in a state of emergency (2004). Due to the urgency of containing HIV/AIDS, the healthcare system in South Africa advanced and developed.

AIDS is now the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa....

According to Nicoli Nattrass (2013) “Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) originated from cross-species transmission of the simian immunodeficiency virus from primates to humans.

Definition of HIV/AIDS in South Africa and the United States

Part 1: HIV/AIDS in South Africa

The police actions during the riots would be part of what instigated a worldwide boycott of South African produce and signalled the increased militancy of the black population of South Africa....

Although the abolition of the apartheid era was an enormous turn-around for South Africa, throughout this transformation, a new underlying situation threatened the endurance of the country; a situation that would prove to be an even "more formidable foe than apartheid" (Kapp, p1202 2004)....

Part 2: HIV/AIDS in the United States

More than one million adults and children die every year from HIV/AIDS in Africa alone.

Besides polygamous relationships, a prevalent occurrence in some areas of Africa, sexual networking is a widespread practice involving numerous concurrent and overlapping sexual partners. Particularly, men’s sexual “networks” are more likely to be extensive. Cultural or social norms often indicate that while women must remain faithful, men are able and even expected to philander, irrespective of their marital status. Aside from the occurrence of having several sexual partners, population displacements and unemployment due to conflicts and droughts promote the HIV/AIDS spread.

A study done in Swaziland, Botswana, and Namibia found that four factors – extreme poverty, intimate partner violence, income disparity, and low levels of education in one or both partners – provided at least a partial explanation for the HIV prevalence in adults from 15 to 29 years old. The HIV rate was 17.1% within the group of women possessing at least one of these factors, compared to a 7.7% rate in the general female population. Approximately 26% of young women with 2 factors, 36% of women with 3 factors, and 39.3% of women with 4 factors were HIV positive

African Americans HIV and Aids -related rates more than any other racial/ethnic group in the U.S.
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The prevalence of HIV/AIDS is highest in Southern Africa.

Kaiser Family foundation, HIV was the 4th leading cause of death for both Black men and Black women, ages 25-44, in 2009, African Americans are less likely to talk to their children about diseases from the lack of knowledge, and the fear of sexual activites that are able to...

South Africa in the 1940's was in trouble.

In chapter one, we assessed the impact of adult HIV treatment on the educational attainment of children in the same household through a regression discontinuity analysis.

Essay on HIV and Aids in Africa - Essay UK Free Essay Database

Today, South Africa (which is twice the size of Texas) is home to some 50-million people; 79.5% African, 11.5% Coloured and Indian/Asian and 9% are white ("South Africa's population," 2012.) Not unlike many European countries, South Africa has a history dating back to the 1600’s that is rooted in crimes against humanity....

Hiv Aids Situation In South Africa - UK Essays | UKEssays

The idea of Apartheid was born because of the fact that white supremacy was already instituted into South African policy because of the strong European influence.

Free HIV Essays and Papers - 123helpme

This was the first modern war to see concentration camps; they were used successfully to break the will of Afrikaner guerilla forces by detaining their families....

Free HIV papers, essays, and research ..

In this book, Nolen seamlessly integrates personal stories of the victims with shocking statistics and engrossing quotes, effortlessly bring a ‘human face’ to the HIV/AIDS epidemic....

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